Danforth is disappointed by this reluctance, but at the urging of Hale and Parris, allows John to sign a written confession, to be displayed on the church door as an example.
As they argue, Betty bolts upright and begins screaming. The first reason is that she made the poppet for Elizabeth Proctor for a sorry that she disobeyed their rules.
Inthe real historical Abigail Williams was about eleven years old. As the facts emerge, Abigail claims Tituba forced her to drink blood.
Abigail still harbors feelings for John and believes he does as well, but John says he does not. Many villagers have been charged with witchcraft; most have confessed and been given lengthy prison terms and their property seized by the government; twelve have been hanged; seven more are to be hanged at sunrise for refusing to confess, including John Proctor, Rebecca Nurse and Martha Corey.
Rovere Proctor feels she is good and pure, unlike his adulterous self, and does not want to tarnish her good name and the names of his other innocent friends by implicating them. Giles Corey was tortured to death by pressing as the court tried in vain to extract a plea; by holding out, Giles ensured that his sons would receive his land and possessions.
Furthermore, his central plot device—the affair between Abigail Williams and John Proctor—has no grounding in fact Proctor was over sixty at the time of the trials, while Abigail was only eleven.
Salem was the place in which the trial took place and has become a symbol for witchcraft, injustice, and superstition.
The motive here was envy.
As they press him further John eventually signs, but refuses to hand the paper over, stating he does not want his family and especially his three sons to be stigmatized by the public confession.
The Massachusetts government and judicial system, heavily influenced by religion, rolled into action. The basic setting for the play is Salem, Massachusetts, in When Danforth threatens him with arrest for contemptGiles argues that he cannot be arrested for "contempt of a hearing.
After all, she had sent her daughter to Tituba to conjure up the dead in order to find out what happened to her dead babies. Putnam who is insistent that Giles should be arrested and charged because he has a land dispute with Giles. It is for this selfish reason that he allows the witch hunt to continue, even though he knows it is not valid.
Many of the accusers have meddled in witchcraft themselves, and are therefore doubly to be distrusted. If Miller took unknowing liberties with the facts of his own era, he also played fast and loose with the historical record. Knowing in his heart that it is the wrong thing for him to do, John agrees to falsely confess to engaging in witchcraft, deciding that he has no desire or right to be a martyr.
Because the trials take place in a Christian, American town, the reader must then wonder if anything like this could happen in his or her own time. The girls find themselves stuck in a trap of their own making, and in the witchcraft game until the end. In an environment where reputation plays such an important role, the fear of guilt by association becomes particularly pernicious.
John is shocked but determines the truth must prevail, whatever the personal cost. She believes John still lusts after Abigail and tells him that as long as he does, he will never redeem himself. The most obvious case is Abigail, who uses the situation to accuse Elizabeth Proctor of witchcraft and have her sent to jail.
Martha Corey is arrested and charged because her husband innocently expressed concern about her obsession with reading. Not all those who died are specifically mentioned in the play. This relationship motivates her denunciation of John and Elizabeth Proctor.
The village is rife with rumors of witchcraft and a crowd gathers outside Rev. However, there were certainly Communists in s America, and many of those who were lionized as victims of McCarthyism at the time, such as the Rosenbergs and Alger Hiss a former State Department officialwere later found to have been in the pay of the Soviet Union.
Putnam and Corey have been feuding over land ownership. A summary of Themes in Arthur Miller's The Crucible. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Crucible and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
Hysteria supplants logic and enables people to believe that their neighbors, whom they have always. Moreover, they note that because of the trials' dramatic elements, "it is no coincidence that the Salem witch trials are best known today through the work of a playwright, not a historian When Arthur Miller published The Crucible in the early s, he simply outdid the historians at their own game" (22).
There are three people depicted in Arthur Miller's The Crucible that are most responsible for this and they are, Abigail Williams, Judge Danforth, and Thomas Putnam.
Abigail Williams is mostly responsible for the Salem witch trials because she was the first person to start accusing innocent people. The Crucible By Arthur Miller Words | 6 Pages At first glance, the playwright Arthur Miller in The Crucible highlights the historical significance of the Salem Witch Trials ofbut in fact it is an allegorical expression of his perception of McCarthyism.
- Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" 'The Crucible' was written by Arthur Miller. Arthur Miller was brought before a committee in to answer charges of 'communist sympathy' and to name the people he had had meetings with up to twenty years before. Arthur Miller’s The Crucible precisely depicts those two types of people with many of its characters put through a crucible.
Some die, some come out the other end as stronger and more prepared individuals.People that contributed to the death of innocent people in the crucible by arthur miller